USA Chronology Graphic Decade of

1800's 1860s



CV Fort Sumter: April
UV Booneville: June
CV 1st Bull Run July
UV Fort Henry: February
UV Fort Donelson: February
UV Shiloh: April
UV New Orleans: April
UV Yorktown: May
CV 7 Days Battle: June
CV 2nd Bull Run: August
UV Antitiem: September
CV Perryville: October
CV Fredericksburg: December
CV Chacellorsville: May
UV Vicksburg: May-July
UV Port Hudson: July
UV Battle of Gettysburg in southern Pennsylvania in July, Union forces led by Gen. George C. Meade turned back Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army. Lee retreated to Virginia, marking a major turning point in the war.
UV Mobile Bay: August
CV Chickamauga: September
UV Chattanooga: November
CV Wilderness: May
CV Spottsylvania: May
CV Cold Harbor: June
UV Petersburg: June- April 1865
UV Atlanta: July-Sept
The advancing Union army of Gen. William T. Sherman captured Atlanta on September 2. Sherman continued his "March to the Sea," taking Savannah in December.
UV Shenandoah Valley Sept-Oct
Nashville: December
Durham Station: April
Five Forks: April
On April 9, Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen. Ulysses S. Grant signed term of Confederate surrender at
Appomattox, Virginia. On March 29, issued Amnesty Proclamation, pardoning all Confederates except those with property in excess of $20,000 and certain Confederate leaders. The 13th amendment, officially abolishing slavery, was ratified. 
Engaged in an ongoing dispute with Congress over Reconstruction and the power of the president in Southern states. 
Over Johnson's continual vetoes, Congress passed its own series of Reconstruction laws, enforcing African-American suffrage and making ratification of the 14th amendment (granting citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States) a condition for readmission to the Union. On March 30, the United States signed a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska for $7.2 million. 
Ignoring the 1867 Tenure of Office Act, Johnson ordered the removal of Edwin M. Stanton as secretary of war in March. He later became the only president to be impeached by the House, but on March 26 was acquitted in the Senate by a one-vote margin. The 14th amendment was ratified on July 28. 
usgrant.gif (10723 bytes)Ulysses Grant 1st Lady: Julia
The first transcontinental railroad was completed. 

1800's 1860s