|Graphic Year of|
31st: President Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1 calling for all United States naval and land forces to begin a general advance by Feb 22, George Washington's birthday.
6th: Victory for Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Tennessee, capturing Fort Henry, and ten days later Fort Donelson. Grant earns the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant.
20th: President Lincoln is struck with grief as his beloved eleven year old son, Willie, dies from fever, probably caused by polluted drinking water in the White House.
31st: The Battle of Seven Pines as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.
11th: After four months as his own general-in-chief, President Lincoln hands over the task to
Gen. Henry W. (Old Brains) Halleck.
CV 2nd Bull Run:
29/30th: 75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern
Virginia. Once again the Union Army retreats to Washington. The president then relieves Pope.
7th: The president replaces McClellan with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln had grown impatient with McClellan's slowness to
follow up on the success at Antietam, even telling him, "If you don't want to use the army, I should like to
borrow it for a while."
13th: Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg: in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights.
"We might as well have tried to take hell," a Union soldier remarks. Confederate losses are 5,309.
"It is well that war is so terrible - we should grow too fond of it," states Lee during the fighting.
08/04/99 ONLINE HISTORY