The 17th Century CE
1600s CE
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1618 The Defenestration of Prague, starts the Thirty Years' War.
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1631 Swedish Army under King Gustavus Aldolphus defeats Russian army (30 Years' War).
1632 Swedish King Adolphjus killed, but Swedish army is victorious in the Battle of Lutzen (30 Years' War).
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1640 Start of English Civil Wars.
Frederick William of Hohenzollern, the Great Elector, rises to power in Prussia, and inaugurates a military state.
1641 Dutch capture Malacca from Portuguese.
1645 New Model Army, under Sir Thomas Fairfax, defeats Royalists at Naseby, in English Civil War.
1648 Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War.
The Fronde uprising against Louis XIII begins.
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1655 British take Jamaica from the Spanish, who had ruled Jamaica since Columbus' arrival in 1494. In
the upheaval, most of the Spaniards' 1,500 African slaves take to the mountains, establishing "Maroon"
communities which become military strongholds, whose members bargain with the British officers for
freedom and autonomy in exchange for promising to defend Jamaica and to help quell slave revolts.
1659 Peace of the Pyrenees between France and Spain.
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1683 Second Turkish siege of Vienna.
1685 French King Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, driving French Protestants from France.
1686 Turks ejected from Budapest.
1688 Moguls complete conquest of India.
1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk establishes border between Siberia and Manchuria (along the Amur of Heilung
River), with Outer Mongolia as no man's land. This was China's first agreement with a western power.
out9.gif (96 bytes) 1690s
1690 At the Battle of Boyne, deposed English King James II and his Irish and French allies are defeated by William III.
1692 French navy defeated by Anglo-Dutch fleet at La Hogue (War of the Grand Alliance).
1697 Austrians defeat Moslems at Zenta.
1699 Peter I of Russia joins coalition against Sweden.
1699 Treaty of Carlowitz, where Ottoman Empire surrenders Hungary to Austrians.

2nd Millennium 1600s