The 1890s
1890s CE
Benjamin Harrison signs four major bills into law:
Sherman Antitrust Act, outlawing trusts and monopolies that hinder trade.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act, increasing the amount of silver that could be coined.
McKinley Tariff Act, setting duties at record high levels.
Dependent Pension Act, benefiting Civil War veterans.
Battle of Wounded Knee, the last major conflict between Indians and U.S. troops, was fought on December 29.
1892  Cleveland defeats Harrison 277 / 145 / 22
Campaign Speech 455Kb Audio File
gcleveland.gif (11549 bytes)Cleveland Inaugural Address
Financial Panic began, leading to a four-year depression.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 was repealed.
Jacob S. Coxey led march on Washington of 500 unemployed Midwesterners. "Coxey's Army" demanded unemployment relief.
In July, Cleveland called out federal troops to quell Pullman strike rioting in Chicago. To keep U.S. mails moving, trains ran under military guard.
In support of Monroe Doctrine, Cleveland received Congressional authorization to appoint a
commission to resolve the border dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana.
1896  McKinley defeats Bryan 271 / 176
Cleveland lost Democratic presidential nomination to William Jennings Bryan.
McKinley "front porch" campaign speech 270KB Audio
wmckinley.gif (10860 bytes)William McKinley Inaugural Address
1st Lady: Ida
Dingley Tariff passed, raising the average duty to a record 57%.
On February 15, the U.S. battleship Maine was blown up in Havana harbor.
On April 25, the United States declared war on Spain.
In the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, Adm. George Dewey led a major U.S. Victory over Spain.
Treaty of Paris, ending the war, was approved by the U.S. Senate on February 6. Spain ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam and agreed to the independence of Cuba.
In May, U.S. troops captured Emilio Aguinaldo, ending revolt in the Philippines.
In September, U.S. Secretary of State John Hay sent notes to major European nations calling for Open Door trade policy toward China.

1800's 1890s   Source: IPL POTUS