0000's The 11th Century CE 1000s CE
out0.gif (100 bytes) 1000s -
976-1025 Basil II

1000 Leif Ericson in "Vinland"
1002 On St. Brice's Day, by order of King AEthelraed, Danes are massacred around Britain.

out1.gif (96 bytes) 1010s -
976-1025 Basil II

1012 Berber revolution at Cordova
1013 King AEthelraed flees to Normandy after def to Canute
1014 Brian Boruma defeats Norse at Clontarf
1016-35 Canute King of England,

out2.gif (96 bytes) 1020s -

1027 Arlette, daughter of a tanner, gives birth to the illegitimate son of Robert, Duke of Normandy. The boy's name is William. Knut makes pilgrimage to Rome for coronation of Emperor Conrad II.
1028 Canute conquers Norway.

out3.gif (96 bytes) 1030s -

1031 End of Cordova caliphate
1038 Seljuk Turks invade Persia

out4.gif (96 bytes) 1040s -

1040-52 Macbeth usurper King of Scotland

out5.gif (96 bytes) 1050s

Seljuks take Baghdad
1054 Schism of Greek from Roman Church

out6.gif (96 bytes) 1060s

1060Seljuk Turks conquer Armenia
1061-91 Norman conquest of Sicily
1063 Prince Harold conquers Wales
1064 Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex, is shipwrecked on the French coast, and is held for ransom by the Count of Ponthieu. Duke William of Normandy procures his release. Harold takes oath that William will become king of England and Harold will be Earl of Essex, upon the death of English King Edward the Confessor.
1066 William I the conquerer defeats Harold at Hastings to become 1st Norman King of England.

out7.gif (96 bytes) 1070s

1071 Normans in southern Italy, led by Robert Guiscard, def. the Byzantines at Bari and eject them from Italy.
1071 Seljuk Turks under Sultan Alp Arslan def. Byzantines under Emp Romanus IV at battle of Manzikiert.  This  permits the Seljuk Turks to consolidate control of the central Anatolian plateau and cuts off pilgrim routes to Jerusalem.
1074  Pope Gregory VII plans to lead army to liberate and unify Eastern Empire
1076 Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV over lay investiture, (awarding the office and land of a bishopric to  nonclergy)
1077 Henry IV does pennance at Canossa

out8.gif (96 bytes) 1080s
1078-81 Nicephorus III
1081-1118 Alexius I

1080 2nd excommunication of Henry IV
1084 Anti-Pope Clemens III crowns Henry IV H.R. Emperor
1085 English Domesday Book (tax rolls)
1085 Sack of Rome by Robert Guiscard

out9.gif (96 bytes) 1090s
1081-1118 Alexius I

1090 "Assassin" sect founded
1095 1st Crusade proclaimed by Pope Urban II after appeal by Alexius
1096 hermit Peter of Amiens incites "crusaders" to kill German Jews and leads peasant army until it encounters Turks in Anatolia, where it is destroyed.
1098 Fatimids take Jerusalem
1099 Jerusalem conquered by Crusaders, defending Jews herded into temple and burned alive.

1st Millennium 1000s